Napoleon & Empire

Battle of Essling

Date and place

  • May 21st and 22nd, 1809 at Lobau, a swampy area near Vienna, Austria.

Involved forces

  • French army (90,000 men) under Emperor Napoleon the First. 
  • Austrian army (75,000 men) under Archduke Charles of Austria, Duke of Teschen. 

Casualties and losses

  • French army: about 6,000 killed, including Marshall Jean Lannes, 20,000 injured or prisoners. 
  • Austrian army: over 24,000 men out of combat (killed, injured, prisoners). 
Battle of Essling  (detail)
"Napoleon returning to Lobau Island after the Battle of Essling" (detail). Painted 1812 by Charles Meynier.

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Detail of the map of the battle of Essling
Map of the battle
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