Napoleon & Empire

The 130 departments of the First French Empire

Haut de page
The 130 departments of the Empire

At its height, the French Empire had 130 departments (or 134 if one takes into account the Spanish departments created in 1812 but whose legal status was still incomplete, due to the difficulties of the time). Its list of prefectures included prestigious names such as Rome, Florence, Barcelona, Geneva, Brussels, Amsterdam, Hamburg... to name a few.

This count did not include the Illyrian Provinces, which were part of the Empire but were not organized as "departments".

The whole counted nearly 900,000 square kilometers (with Spanish departments) and 42,390,718 inhabitants (official total of 1812, for only 130 departments).

In February 1813, the situation was the following:

Post Office number Name Prefecture Date of creation Area (in km²) Population Comment (in French)
1 Ain Bourg 4 March 1790 5,499.63 304,468
2 Aisne Laon 4 March 1790 7,491.83 412,989
3 Allier Moulins 4 March 1790 7,422.72 260,266  
5 Basses-Alpes Digne 4 March 1790 7,450.07 146,994  
4 Hautes-Alpes Gap 4 March 1790 5,535.69 124,763
6 Ardèche Privas 4 March 1790 5,500.04 290,833  
7 Ardennes Mézières 4 March 1790 5,252.81 273,792  
8 Ariège Foix 4 March 1790 5,295.40 222,936  
9 Aube Troyes 4 March 1790 6,106.08 241,993  
10 Aude Carcassonne 4 March 1790 6,509.96 237,813  
11 Aveyron Rodez 4 March 1790 8,220.71 331,373  
12 Bouches-du-Rhône Marseille 4 March 1790 6,019.60 293,235  
13 Calvados Caen 4 March 1790 5,704.27 505,120  
14 Cantal Aurillac 4 March 1790 5,740.81 251,436  
15 Charente Angoulême 4 March 1790 5,888.03 326,885  
16 Charente-Inférieure Saintes 4 March 1790 7,168.14 393,011  
17 Cher Bourges 4 March 1790 7,401.25 228,158  
18 Corrèze Tulle 4 March 1790 5,947.17 254,271  
19 Corse Ajaccio 4 March 1790 9,005.11 174,702 Reunited since April 24, 1811 after being cut since 11 August 1793 between Golo (capital Bastia) and Liamone (capital Ajaccio)
20 Côte-d'Or Dijon 4 March 1790 8,769.56 355,436  
21 Côtes-du-Nord Saint-Brieuc 4 March 1790 7,367.20 519,620  
22 Creuse Guéret 4 March 1790 5,794.55 226,224  
23 Dordogne Périgueux 4 March 1790 8,982.74 424,113  
24 Doubs Besançon 4 March 1790 5,309.93 226,093  
25 Drôme Valence 4 March 1790 6,759.15 253,372  
26 Eure évreux 4 March 1790 6,632.83 421,481  
27 Eure-et-Loir Chartres 4 March 1790 6,079.15 265,996  
28 Finistère Quimper 4 March 1790 6,933.84 446,895  
29 Gard Nîmes 4 March 1790 5,997.23 322,144  
30 Haute-Garonne Toulouse 4 March 1790 6,425.33 367,551  
31 Gers Auch 4 March 1790 6,519.08 286,397  
32 Gironde Bordeaux 4 March 1790 1,0325.52 514,462  
33 Hérault Montpellier 4 March 1790 6,309.35 301,099  
34 Ille-et-Vilaine Rennes 4 March 1790 6,819.77 508,344  
35 Indre Châteauroux 4 March 1790 6,877.60 204,721  
36 Indre-et-Loire Tours 4 March 1790 6,230.76 275,292  
37 Isère Grenoble 4 March 1790 8,412.30 471,660  
38 Jura Lons-le-Saunier 4 March 1790 5,033.64 272,883  
39 Landes Mont-de-Marsan 4 March 1790 9,005.34 240,446  
40 Loir-et-Cher Blois 4 March 1790 6,021.16 213,482  
41 Haute-Loire Le Puy 4 March 1790 5,028.54 263,202  
42 Loire-Inférieure Nantes 4 March 1790 7,062.85 407,827  
43 Loiret Orléans 4 March 1790 6,751.91 283,395  
44 Lot Cahors 4 March 1790 5,311.36 868,149  
45 Lot-et-Garonne Agen 4 March 1790 5,326.41 326,127  
46 Lozère Mende 4 March 1790 5,095.43 143,247  
47 Maine-et-Loire Angers 4 March 1790 7,188.07 404,489  
48 Manche Saint-Lô 4 March 1790 6,757.13 581,429  
49 Marne Châlons-sur-Marne 4 March 1790 8,202.73 314,017  
50 Haute-Marne Chaumont 4 March 1790 6,331.73 237,785  
51 Mayenne Laval 4 March 1790 5,188.63 232,253  
52 Meurthe Nancy 4 March 1790 6,290.02 365,810  
53 Meuse Bar-sur-Ornain 4 March 1790 6,044.39 284,703  
54 Morbihan Vannes 4 March 1790 6,817.04 403,423  
55 Moselle Metz 4 March 1790 6,308.40 385,949  
56 Nièvre Nevers 4 March 1790 6,866.19 232,263  
57 Nord Lille 4 March 1790 5,784.35 859,833  
58 Oise Beauvais 4 March 1790 5,814.24 383,507  
59 Orne Alençon 4 March 1790 6,456.76 425,920  
60 Pas-de-Calais Arras 4 March 1790 6,796.88 570,338  
61 Puy-de-Dôme Clermont 4 March 1790 7,943.70 542,834  
62 Basses-Pyrénées Pau 4 March 1790 7,559.50 383,502  
63 Hautes-Pyrénées Tarbes 4 March 1790 4,699.15 198,763  
64 Pyrénées-Orientales Perpignan 4 March 1790 4,113.76 126,626  
65 Bas-Rhin Strasbourg 4 March 1790 4,955.75 500,926  
66 Haut-Rhin Colmar 4 March 1790 5,496.07 414,265  
67 Rhône Lyon 19 November 1793 2,704.23 340,980 Resulting from the partition of Rhône-et-Loire, decided on 12 August 1793 at the headquarters of the army of the Alps, who besieged the city revolted against the Convention, and confirmed by the latter on 19 November 1793
68 Saône-et-Loire Mâcon 4 March 1790 8,576.78 471,457  
69 Haute-Saône Vesoul 4 March 1790 4,569.64 300,156  
70 Sarthe Le Mans 4 March 1790 6,392.76 410,380  
71 Seine Paris 4 March 1790 504.78 630,636  
72 Seine-Inférieure Rouen 4 March 1790 5,938.10 642,948  
73 Seine-et-Marne Melun 4 March 1790 5,959.80 304,068  
74 Seine-et-Oise Versailles 4 March 1790 5,750.42 430,972  
75 Deux-Sèvres Niort 4 March 1790 5,852.73 254,105  
76 Somme Amiens 4 March 1790 6,044.56 495,058  
77 Tarn Albi 4 March 1790 5,768.21 295,885  
78 Var Draguignan 4 March 1790 7,255.80 283,296  
79 Vendée Napoléonville 4 March 1790 6,754.58 268,746 Nowadays, Napoleonville became La-Roche-sur-Yon
80 Vienne Poitiers 4 March 1790 6,890.83 253,048  
81 Haute-Vienne Limoges 4 March 1790 5,700.35 243,195  
82 Vosges épinal 4 March 1790 5,879.55 334,169  
83 Yonne Auxerre 4 March 1790 7,292.23 325,994  
84 Mont-Blanc Chambéry 27 November 1792 6,404.27 300,230 Suppressed after the second Treaty of Paris (1815)
85 Alpes-Maritimes Nice 14 February 1793 3,222.74 131,266
86 Jemappes Mons 12 March 1793 3,766.58 472,366
87 Gênes Gênes 4 or 6 June 1805 2,376.00 400,056 Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
88 Loire Montbrison 19 November 1793 4,820.44 310754 Resulting from the partition of Rhône-et-Loire, decided on 12 August 1793 at the headquarters of the army of the Alps, who besieged the city revolted against the Convention, and confirmed by the latter on 19 November 1793
89 Vaucluse Avignon 25 June 1793 2,345.60 205,832  
91 Lys Bruges 1st October 1795 3,669.11 491,143 Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
92 Escaut Gand 1st October 1795 2,888.70 636,438
93 Deux-Nèthes Anvers 1st October 1795 2,853.81 284,584
94 Dyle Bruxelles 1st October 1795 3,428.48 431,969
95 Meuse-Inférieure Maëstricht 1st October 1795 3,786.33 267,249
96 Ourthe Liège 1st October 1795 4,357.54 352,264 Sometimes spelled Ourte at the time
97 Sambre-et-Meuse Namur 1st October 1795 4,579.22 180,655 Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
98 Forêts Luxembourg 1st October 1795 6,910.35 146,333
99 Léman Genève 25 August 1798 2,800.00 210,478
100 Mont-Tonnerre Mayence 4 November 1797 3,599.48 428,988 Created on November 4th, 1797 by the French Directory, organized on January 23rd, 1798 (Decree of 4 Pluviôse year VI), formally incorporated into the french territory on March 9th, 1801.
Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
101 Sarre Trèves 4 November 1797 4,935.13 273,569
102 Rhin-et-Moselle Coblence 4 November 1797 5,884.19 249,010
103 Roër Aix-la-Chapelle 4 November 1797 5,219.85 621,410
104 Turin 11 September 1802 4,145.26 399,237 Called the Eridanus department until September 20, 1802.
Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
105 Stura Coni 11 September 1802 1,1270.13 431,438 Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
106 Marengo Alexandrie 11 September 1802 3,482.61 318,447
107 Sésia Verceil 11 September 1802 5,172.00 202,822
108 Montenotte Savone 6 June 1805 3,972.19 290,823
109 Doire Ivrée 11 September 1802 2,508.53 234,822
110 Apennins Chiavari 6 June 1805 5,320.00 238,624
111 Taro Parme 24 May 1808 3,636.28 352,214
112 Arno Florence 24 May 1808 8,523.76 538,450
113 Méditerranée Livourne 24 May 1808 4,910.00 268,368
114 Ombrone Sienne 24 May 1808 7,856.00 151,250
115 Tarn-et-Garonne Montauban 21 November 1808 3,716.30 233059 Created from territories taken in the Haute-Garonne, the Lot and Lot-et-Garonne
116 Rome Rome 15 July 1809 3,676.60 548,009 Called Tiber department until 17 February 1810.
Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
117 Trasimène Spolète 15 July 1809 8,197.53 300,709 Suppressed after the first Treaty of Paris (1814)
118 Zuyderzée Amsterdam 1st January 1811 9,501.00 505,387
119 Bouches-de-la-Meuse La Haye 1st January 1811 3,782.83 393,081
120 Bouches-de-l'Yssel Zwolle 1st January 1811 3,400.00 144,433
121 Yssel-Supérieur Arnhem 1st January 1811 5,610.81 192,670
122 Frise Leeuwarden 1st January 1811 1,798.35 175,350
123 Ems-Occidental Groningue 1st January 1811 5,135.80 191,094
124 Ems-Oriental Aurich 1st January 1811 3,180.25 127,959
125 Bouches-de-l'Escaut Middelbourg 15 May 1810 630.00 76,315
126 Bouches-du-Rhin Bois-le-Duc 24 April 1810 4,108.64 257,573
127 Simplon Sion 13 December 1810 5,000.00 63,533
128 Bouches-de-l'Elbe Hambourg 1st January 1811 7,387.65 375,977
129 Bouches-du-Weser Brême 1st January 1811 1,0172.84 331,030
130 Ems-Supérieur Osnabruck 1st January 1811 9,837.03 420,291
131 Lippe Münster 27 April 1811 5,669.13 137,750
90 Montserrat* Barcelone 26 January 1812

Retrieved the Liamone number.
Disappeared on March 7, 1813 by merging with the Bouches de l'Ebre.

132 Ter* Gérone 26 January 1812

Disappeared on March 7, 1813 by merging with the Sègre.

133 Sègre* Puigcerda 26 January 1812 Disappeared on March 7, 1813 by merging with the Ter.
134 Bouches-de-l'èbre* Lérida 26 January 1812 Disappeared on March 7, 1813 by merging with the Montserrat.

* The four Spanish departments of Montserrat, Ter, Segre and Bouches-de-l'Ebre remained in an uncertain legal status, because having been annexed to the Empire by a decree of 26 January 1812, which was never published in the Bulletin of Laws of the French Empire, nor formalized by a decree of the Senate.

For completeness, it should also include the following departments at the ephemeral existence:

87 Mont-Terrible Porrentruy 25 March 1793  

 

Merged with the Haut-Rhin department on 17 February 1800
108 Tanaro Asti 24 April 1801 Suppressed on June 6, 1805. Its territory is divided between the departments of Marengo, Montenotte and Stura.
Bouches-de-l'èbre-Montserrat Barcelone 7 March 1813 Created by merging the departments of Bouches de l'Ebre and Montserrat.
Suppressed after the treaty of Valençay
Sègre-Ter Gérone 7 March 1813 Created by merging the departments of Sègre and Ter. Suppressed after the treaty of Valençay

The Illyrian provinces, for their part, were cut into seven Commissariats, after an attempt to departmentalization (in eleven departments) which had not been brought to completion in the months following the annexation.

  Carinthia Willach        
  Carniola Laybach [Ljubljana]    
Civil Croatia Karlstadt [Karlovac]    
Military Croatia Segna [Senj]    
Dalmatia Zara [Zadar]    
Istria Trieste    
Raguse Raguse [Dubrovnik]    

Data on area and population are taken from the tables annexed to the Outline of the situation of the Empire, presented by Count Bachasson de Montalivet to the Legislative Assembly, in its meeting of 25 February 1813. Some of them look surprising (surfaces of Stura and Rome departments, for example), due to a poorly done transcript, or to errors crept into the presentation.


Follow us on social networks
Share that page on social networks
You are here: Home > Institutions > The 130 departments of the First French Empire
Links ] [ Accessibility ] [ Legal information ]
Escape from someone else's frames ] [ Webmasters ]
This website has been designed for a screen resolution of 1280 x 800 pixels. Last update: 2017-02-04 11:40:32.
Copyright © 2008-2017 Lionel A. Bouchon email and Didier Grau
Hit-Parade

Mobile site Print this page
Haut de page