N & E
Napoléon & Empire

Battle of Bailen

Date and place

  • July 19th to 22nd, 1808 at Bailen or Baylen, in Andalusia (nowadays Province of Jaen, Spain).

Involved forces

  • French army (20,000 to 24,000 men) under General Pierre Dupont de l'Etang. 
  • Spanish army (32,000 to 35,000 men) under Generals Don Francisco Javier Castaños Aragorri Urioste y Olavide and Theodor von Reding von Biberegg. 

Casualties and losses

  • French army: between 2,000 and 2,600 killed, 400 injured, more than 17,000 prisoners. 
  • Spanish army: 240 dead, 740 wounded or the opposite (according to differents sources). 
Battle of Bailen (detail)
"Rendición de Bailen" (detail). Painted 1863 by Jose Casado del Alisal.
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Detail ot the map of the battle of Bailen
Map of the battle
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