N & E
Napoléon & Empire

Battle of Somosierra

Date and place

  • November 30th, 1808 at Somosierra canyon, in the Sierra Guadarrama, north of Madrid, Spain.

Involved forces

  • French army (45,000 men), including Polish cavalry from the Duchy of Warsaw, under Emperor Napoleon the First. 
  • Spanish army (13,000 men) under General Benito de San Juan. 

Casualties and losses

  • French army: fifty seven Polish killed or injured (out of one hundred and fifty who took part in the cavalry charge). 
  • Spanish army: from 200 tp 2,000 killing according to different sources, 16 cannons, 10 flags. 
Battle of Somosierra (detail)
"Battle of Somosierra" (detail). Painted 1810 by Louis-François Lejeune.
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Detail ot the map of the battle of Somosierra
Map of the battle
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