1st January – After having crosed the
river Rhine, Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher marches towards Nancy. Napoleon apostrophes French deputies, during the reception of New Year's day:
you people's representatives? I am, me ... I have a title and you do not
... Return to your departments!. – 3rd
January – Allies enter Montbéliard. – 4
January – In Paris, free corps are created. – 7
January – The allies enter Dole. – 11
January – Betrayal of Joachim Murat: he promises, in a
treaty with Austria, to provide thirty thousand men to drive the French
out of Italy. – 13 January –
Napoleon reviews troops at the Carrousel . – 14
January – Marshal Ney evacuates Nancy. – 16
January – Langres is taken by Allies. – 17
January – Denmark declares war on France. – 19
January – Allies enter Dijon, Burgundy. – 20
January – Allies enter Chambery, Savoy. – 21
January – Napoleon orders to bring back the Pope Pius VII to Italy.
– 23 January – Presentation
of the King of Rome to the officers of the National Guard. – 24
January – Joseph Bonaparte is appointed Lieutenant General
of the Emperor. Empress Marie-Louise becomes regent. – 25
January – Fall of Lleida, French last place in Spain.
Napoleon joins the army. – 26 January –
Marshal Berthier is ordered to distribute to the army two to three hundred
thousand bottles of wine and distilled spirits taken in Vitry. – 27
January – Napoleon defeats the vanguard of Blücher in Saint-Dizier. – 29 January –
The Marie-Louise (young soldiers battalions) beat Blücher at Brienne.
3rd February – A conference betwen French and Allies opens at Châtillon-sur-Seine. – 4 February – Blücher resumes the offensive and enters La Fere-Champenoise. Marshal Macdonald retreats towards Chateau-Thierry. – 6 February – The French retreat to Nogent. Napoleon plans the evacuation of Paris by the government. – 7 February – Napoleon gets informed that the allies demand that France founds its limits prior to the Revolution. – 8 February – He refuses these conditions. - 9 February – The Conference of Chatillon is suspended. – 12 February – The Duke of Angoulême (nephew of Louis XVIII) addresses a proclamation to the French from Saint-Jean de Luz, Basque country. – 17 February – Conference resumes at Chatillon. – 18 February – French victory at Montereau. – 19 February – Eliza, sister of Napoleon, states cutting ties with the French Empire. – 22 February – The Allies met in Troyes to hold a council of war. They decide to retire and offer Napoleon an armistice. – 24 February – Napoleon enters Troyes, Champagne. – 25 February – Negotiations begin at Lusigny, for an armistice. However discussions at Chatillon continue. – 28 February – End of conference of Lusigny; no results.
1st March – The Allies proclaim themselves associated for twenty years against France: it is the Treaty of Chaumont. – 4 March – All French people are called to arms. – 9 March – Battle of Laon. – 10 March – Battle of Laon (end). Napoleon retreats towards Soissons. The Baron of Vitrolles, as emissary of Talleyrand, arrives at the headquarters of the Allies. – 12 March – The Duke of Angouleme enters Bordeaux. Louis XVIII is proclaimed King. – 19 March – The negotiations of Chatillon are permanently discontinued. Arrival of the Count of Artois (Louis XVIII's younger brother) in Nancy. – 20 March – Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube. The imperial army must retire behind the river Aube. The bridge at Arcis is shot. – 23 March – The Allies cross the river Aube and head to Paris. – 28 March – The Tsar Alexander I looks down at the capital from the hills over the river Seine. – 29 March – Empress Marie-Louise and her son leave Paris for Rome. – 30 March – Start of the battle for Paris at 6 AM. Marshal Marmont offers to negotiate a cease-fire at 4 PM. – 31 March – Signature of the capitulation of Paris at 2 AM. The Allies enter Paris at 11 AM. Napoleon is at Fontainebleau.
1st April – The French Senate appoints
a provisional government headed by Talleyrand. – 2nd
April – The Senate declares
and his family deprived of the throne, the French people and army freed
from their oath of fidelity. – 3rd
April – The French Legislature votes the forfeiture, too.
– 4 April – Napoleon at
Fontainebleau signs a form of conditional abdication, which preserves the
rights of his son and the Empress Regent. – 5
April – He reviews the debris of his guard. – 6
April – Council with the Marshals. The Senate
calls Louis-Stanislas-Xavier (Louis XVIII) to the throne. Napoleon renounces
for himself and his family to the thrones of France and Italy. – 8
April – The provisional government declares invalid all
acts of Napoleon since his disqualification by the Senate. – 10
April – A ceremony of cleansing takes place in Paris,
Place de la Concorde, the place where had been guillotined King Louis XVI
and Queen Marie-Antoinette. – 11 April –
The allies offer to Napoleon the sovereignty of the island of Elba, in the
Mediterranean Sea. – 12 April –
Attempted suicide of Napoleon, late at night. – 13
April – Napoleon accepts the offer of Allies. – 14
April – The Count d'Artois receives the lieutenant general
of the kingdom from the Senate. – 15 April –
He is solemnly received by the Senate. – 19
April – Allied commissioners responsible to accompany
Napoleon to Elba arrive at Fontainebleau. – 20
April – Farewell of the Emperor to his guard. – 24
April – Louis XVIII lands at Calais, North France. – 28
April – At Saint-Raphael, Napoleon embarks on the British
frigate The Undaunted.
3rd May – Napoleon arrives at the island of Elba. King Louis XVIII enters Paris. – 24 May – Return of Pope Pius VII in Rome. – 29 May – Josephine dies at Malmaison. – 30 May – First Treaty of Paris: France is reduced to its 1792 borders. – 31 May – Pauline Bonaparte joins her brother in the island of Elba.
1st June – Proclamation of peace in Paris. – 4 June – Louis XVIII gives the Charter. In Porto-Ferrajo, the capital of the island of Elba, a ball is given aboard a British ship for the anniversary of King George, Napoleon Bonaparte attending.
3rd August – Arrival of Napoleon's mother at the island of Elba. – 15 August – Celebration of the anniversary of Napoleon in all his kingdom.
1st September – Arrival of Maria Walewska and her son to the island of Elba.
3rd November – Opening of the Congress of Vienna, a conference of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich.