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Napoléon & Empire

Ephemeris - December

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  • 1st December
    1. 1799 : Bonaparte rejects the draft constitution presented by Sieyes.
    1. 1803 : Institution of the worker booklet.
  • 2 December
    1. 1804 : Coronation of Napoleon.
    1. 1805 : Battle of Austerlitz.
    1. 1813 : Crossing of the Rhine by the Allies.
  • 3 December
    1. 1800 : Victory of Hohenlinden by Moreau.
    1. 1801 : Early Anglo-French negotiations at Amiens.
  • 4 December
    1. 1804 : Declaration of War from Spain to England.
    1. 1808 : Surrender of Madrid. In Spain, the French decide abolition of the feudal rights and of the court the Inquisition, reduction of the number of monasteries, suppression of provincial customs.
    1. 1813 : Frankfurt Declaration, dated December 1, in which Allies say they do not make war to France but to Napoleon.
  • 5 December
    1. 1812 : The command of the army is entrusted to Murat. Napoleon leaves for Warsaw.
  • 6 December
    1. 1812 : Debacle of the French army. Temperature: -36°C.
  • 7 December
    1. 1807 : Installation of Jerome Bonaparte at Cassel, the capital of the kingdom of Westphalia.
  • 8 December
    1. 1812 : French arrived in Vilna.
  • 9 December
    1. 1813 : Evacuation of Breda by the French.
  • 10 December
    1. 1805 : The news of the victory of Austerlitz arrives in Paris. It ends the banking panic raging there since September 26. The Elector of Bavaria becomes king.
  • 11 December
    1. 1805 : The Elector of Württemberg becomes king. The Baden one refuses and simply becomes grand duke.
    1. 1806 : The Elector of Saxony signs peace in Poznan and joins the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • 12 December
    1. 1813 : By the Valencay treaty, France recognizes that Ferdinand VII is the King of Spain.
  • 13 December
    1. 1806 : Birth of Charles Leon, the illegitimate son of Napoleon and Eleanor Denuelle de la Plaigne, a maid of honor of Caroline Murat.
    1. 1807 : First address to the German nation from Fichte. Dispute between Napoleon and his brother Lucien, who refuses to divorce.
    1. 1812 : Passage of the Niemen by the survivors of the Grand Army.
  • 14 December
    1. 1801 : Departure of the Saint-Domingue expedition under the command of General Leclerc.
  • 15 December
    1. 1799 : Proclamation of the Constitution of Year VIII.
    1. 1805 : Signature of a treaty of Franco-Prussian alliance.
    1. 1840 : Back from the ashes of Napoleon.
  • 16 December
    1. 1800 : Establishment of a league of neutrals. It gathers the Russia, the Sweden and the Denmark, then on 18, the Prussia. Their goal is to protect their fleets trade against the English requirements.
    1. 1809 : Dissolution of marriage of Napoleon and Josephine.
    1. 1812 : News of the disastrous military campaign in Russia are published in the Monitor.
    1. 1814 : A new wave of Bonapartist officers is made half-paid under pretext of economy.
  • 17 December
    1. 1793 : Bonaparte is wounded by a bayonet at the siege of Toulon.
    1. 1811 : Napoleon offers to Austria an alliance against Russia.
    1. 1814 : The half-pay are placed under house arrest at their place of birth.
  • 18 December
    1. 1812 : The Emperor arrives at the Tuileries, shortly before midnight.
    1. 1813 : Switzerland declares its neutrality.
  • 19 December
    1. 1793 : Capture of Toulon by the republican armies.
  • 20 December
    1. 1804 : Appointment of David as the first painter to the Emperor.
    1. 1812 : The remnants of the Great Army arrive in Königsberg.
  • 21 December
    1. 1804 : Cherubini leads the first performance in Paris of the Mozart's Requiem.
    1. 1813 : Entry of the Allied armies in Switzerland.
  • 22 December
    1. 1793 : Promotion of Napoleon Bonaparte at the rank of General Brigade.
    1. 1799 : Installation of the State Council.
    1. 1807 : The United States decreed the embargo on the vessels and French and English productions.
  • 23 December
    1. 1806 : Victory of Napoleon at Czarnowo.
  • 24 December
    1. 1799 : Bonaparte becomes First Consul.
    1. 1800 : Attack on Rue Saint-Nicaise in Paris: twenty-two dead and fifty-six wounded. Bonaparte is not injured.
    1. 1803 : Bonaparte's election to the Academy of Arts in New York. His brother Jerome marries Elizabeth Patterson in Baltimore.
    1. 1811 : The Ambassador of France in Berlin proposes to Prussia an alliance against Russia.
  • 25 December
    1. 1797 : Bonaparte's election to the Institute (Section Arts mechanical).
    1. 1800 : Signing of the armistice of Steyr with the Austrians.
  • 26 December
    1. 1802 : A decree ensures to the catholic priests a treatment of five hundred francs per year.
    1. 1805 : Peace Treaty of Pressburg. End of the Holy Roman Empire.
    1. 1806 : Triple French victory at Soldau, Golymin and Pultusk.
  • 27 December
    1. 1799 : Installing the Senate.
    1. 1806 : The French army moved for the winter Pultusk.
  • 28 December
    1. 1805 : The General Council of the department of the Seine decides to establish a place Austerlitz and to erect a statue of the Emperor.
  • 29 December
    1. 1808 : Defeat and capture of Lefebvre Desnouettes in Benavente.
    1. 1809 : Annexation to the empire of the Illyrian provinces (Dalmatia).
  • 30 December
    1. 1805 : Napoleon accepts the nickname of "Great" proposed by the Tribunes.
    1. 1813 : Occupation of Geneva by the Austrians.
    1. 1814 : Promotion of generals. They are all former emigrants Vendee or Chouans.
  • 31 December
    1. 1805 : Last day of the revolutionary calendar.
    1. 1810 : End of the Franco-Russian alliance.
    1. 1813 : Adjournment of the Legislature.
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