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Napoléon & Empire

Ephemeris - July

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  • 1st July
    1. 1798 : Landing in Egypt.
    1. 1806 : Landing a British expeditionary force in the realm of Naples, at Santa Eufemia, under the command of General Stuart.
  • 2 July
    1. 1798 : Entry in Alexandria.
    1. 1804 : The first legion of honor is granted to Latouche-Treville.
    1. 1813 : The bulk of the French army crosses the Bidasoa and leaves Spain.
  • 3 July
    1. 1810 : Abdication of King Louis Bonaparte of Holland.
    1. 1815 : Military Convention of Saint-Cloud. The French army must go behind the Loire. Napoleon arrives at Rochefort.
  • 4 July
    1. 1803 : Capitulation of the army of Hanover in Artlenburg.
  • 5 July
    1. 1809 : Start of the Battle of Wagram at Enzersdorf.
    1. 1810 : The French government passes a decree supporting the vessels of the United States.
    1. 1813 : Suchet evacuates Valencia.
  • 6 July
    1. 1806 : Arrival in Paris of Pierre Oubril, Russian diplomat in charge to start negotiations between Russia and France.
    1. 1809 : Continuation and end of the Battle of Wagram. In Rome, the Pope Pius VII is arrested.
    1. 1815 : Allied troops enter Paris.
  • 7 July
    1. 1806 : Laying the foundation stone of the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel.
    1. 1807 : Treaty of Peace of Tilsit between France and Russia.
  • 8 July
    1. 1807 : Gustavus IV of Sweden denounces the armistice of April 18.
    1. 1809 : Metternich becomes chancellor of Austria.
  • 9 July
    1. 1807 : Signature of the second Treaty of Tilsit between France and Prussia.
    1. 1810 : Annexation of Holland.
  • 10 July
    1. 1792 : Promotion of Bonaparte to the rank of captain.
    1. 1804 : Establishment of the Ministry of Religious Affairs. Fouche is back as Minister of General Police.
  • 11 July
    1. 1804 : Promulgation of the Law of May 4, 1802 creating the Legion of Honor.
  • 12 July
    1. 1806 : Creation of a "Confederation of the Rhine".
    1. 1809 : Signing of the armistice of Znaim with Austria.
  • 13 July
    1. 1809 : Macdonald, Oudinot and Marmont are promoted to the rank of marshals of the Empire.
  • 14 July
    1. 1804 : Distribution by Napoleon of the first cross of the Legion of honor.
  • 15 July
    1. 1801 : Signature of the Concordat.
    1. 1808 : Appointment of Murat as King of Naples.
  • 16 July
    1. 1815 : Check for Saint-Helena.
  • 17 July
    1. 1799 : Capture of Aboukir by the Turkish army and the English fleet.
  • 18 July
    1. 1812 : Victory of Marmont upon Wellington at Tordesillas. Signing of an Anglo-Russian treaty, negotiated by Bernadotte.
  • 19 July
    1. 1806 : Gaeta taken by Massena.
  • 20 July
    1. 1806 : Signature of a draft peace agreement with Russian diplomat Oubril.
    1. 1808 : Joseph Bonaparte's arrival in Madrid.
  • 21 July
    1. 1798 : Victory of the Pyramids.
  • 22 July
    1. 1805 : Villeneuve encounters Calder off Cape Finisterre.
    1. 1807 : Creation of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw.
    1. 1808 : Capitulation of Bailen.
    1. 1812 : Wellington's victory over Marmont at Arapiles.
  • 23 July
    1. 1801 : Beginning the discussion of the Civil Code in the State Council.
  • 24 July
    1. 1810 : Beginning of the siege of Almeida.
  • 25 July
    1. 1798 : Entry in Cairo.
    1. 1799 : Battle of Aboukir.
  • 26 July
    1. 1805 : The squadron of Admiral Missiessy arrives at Rochefort.
  • 27 July
    1. 1794 : Arrest of Robespierre.
    1. 1804 : Adoption of the eagle displayed as an emblem of the Empire.
  • 28 July
    1. 1794 : Execution of Robespierre.
  • 29 July
    1. 1804 : Organization of the Imperial Guard.
    1. 1812 : Victory of Oudinot on Wittgenstein at Jakabowo.
    1. 1813 : Opening of peace negotiations in Prague.
  • 30 July
    1. 1796 : Siege of Mantua by the French.
    1. 1808 : English landing in Portugal.
    1. 1809 : English landing near Antwerp.
  • 31 July
    1. 1801 : Organization of the National Gendarmerie.
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