N & E
Napoléon & Empire
Ephemeris - May
: Act on the system of public education.
: Death of Bessieres.
: Anti-French uprising of the people of Madrid.
: Battle of Lützen.
: Adoption by the Tribunes, with one vote against, of the motion to raise Napoleon Bonaparte dignity to the one of Emperor of the French.
: Massena's victory over Wellington at Fuentes de Oñoro.
: Arrival of Napoleon at Elba. Entry of Louis XVIII in Paris.
: Filing of a bill establishing the Legion of Honor.
: Signing of a pact of friendship between France and Persia, at Finckenstein.
: Birth of Alexandre Walewski, the illegitimate son of Napoleon and Maria Walewska.
: Landing of Napoleon to Elba.
: Interview of Bayonne. The Spanish crown is placed at the disposal of Napoleon.
: The Emperor leaves Paris. He shall not see it again until March 21, 1815.
: Death of Napoleon.
: Reconciliation of Napoleon and his brother Jerome, who agrees to divorce.
: Entry of Bonaparte at Piacenza.
: In Saint-Domingue, Toussaint Louverture enacts a constitution.
: Extension of ten years of the mandate of the First Consul. A Senator proposes that Bonaparte gets this dignity for the rest of his life.
: Villeneuve and his fleet arrive in Martinique but fail to operate their junction with that of Rochefort, commanded by Missiessy.
: Signing of a truce with the Duke of Parma.
: Victory of Lodi. Bonaparte is promoted to corporal by his soldiers.
: University Foundation.
: Massena is replaced by Marmont at the head of the army of Portugal.
: France rejects the British ultimatum demanding the evacuation of Holland and approval of the British presence in Malta.
: Installation of Napoleon at Schoenbrunn Palace.
: The consulate for life is passed unanimously minus the voice of Carnot in Tribunate, unanimously minus three votes in the Body legislature.
: Out of the Treaty of Amiens.
: Twelve thousand officers, declared supporters of Napoleon, are set half-pay.
: Cutting of the Cisalpine Republic in twelve departments.
: Signature of the capitulation of Vienna.
: Ferdinand VII comes back in Madrid. He instantly reinstalls the Inquisition and absolute monarchy.
: Amnesty for the crimes of desertion committed in France by soldiers of the French troops.
: Admission of Bonaparte at the military school of Brienne.
: Entry of Bonaparte in Milan.
: Occupation of Venice. Leak of the Doge.
: Royalist rebellion in the Vendee.
: Signing of a peace treaty with Venice.
: The British government decides to blockade the coast and ports, from the Elbe to Brest.
: Soult is defeated at the Albuera by an army Anglo-Hispano-Portuguese.
: Lifting of the siege of Saint Jean d'Acre.
: Meeting of the Papal States to the French Empire.
: The purchase of a replacement by the conscript becomes legal.
: A Senatus-consultum who proclaims Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor of the French is approved unanimously least three votes.
: Departure for Egypt.
: Adoption of the bill establishing the Legion of Honor.
: Appointment of fourteen marshals of the Empire: Berthier, Murat, Moncey Jourdan, Massena, Augereau, Bernadotte, Soult, Brune, Lannes, Mortier, Ney, Davoust, Bessieres, and of four marshals-Senators: Kellermann, Lefebvre, Perignon, Serrurier.
: Passage of the col of Saint-Bernard.
: Reinstating of the slave trade. Slavery is re-established in the French colonies.
: First day of the Battle of Essling.
: Battle of Bautzen.
: Second day of the Battle of Essling. Fatal injury of Marshal Lannes.
: Death of Duroc.
: Declaration of war against England.
: Beginning of the Spanish insurrection.
: Failure of an attack against the Emperor at Regensburg.
: Removing of the republican regime in Holland.
: The Duchies of Parma, Piacenza and Tuscany are united to Empire.
: Starting of the trial of Cadoudal, Moreau and their forty-five co-defendants.
: Taken of Pavia.
: Coronation of Napoleon as King of Italy in the Cathedral of Milan.
: The Marshal Lefebvre gets the capitulation of Danzig.
: Entry in Brescia.
: Second visit to the plague victims of Jaffa.
: Invasion of Hanover by Mortier.
: Anti-French protests in Valencia. Four hundred French are killed.
: Davout evacuates Hamburg.
: Uprising of the people of Cadiz.
: Adoption of the act of Malmaison by an assembly of notables Swiss.
: Death of Josephine at Malmaison.
: An assembly of one hundred-eleven chiefs of the nation Jewish is convened in Paris.
: Insurrection and massacre at Granada.
: Uprising of Valladolid.
: Arrival of Pauline Bonaparte to Elba.
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