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Napoléon & Empire

Ephemeris - September

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  • 1st September
    1. 1814 : Arrival of Maria Walewska and his son to the island of Elba.
  • 2 September
    1. 1801 : Evacuation of Egypt.
    1. 1807 : Bombardment of Copenhagen by the English.
  • 3 September
    1. 1806 : Pierre Oubril notifies the France of the Czar's refusal to ratify the draft Treaty signed last July 20.
  • 4 September
    1. 1796 : Victory of Roveredo.
    1. 1797 : Directorial coup of 18 Fructidor.
    1. 1809 : The English fail in Antwerp.
  • 5 September
    1. 1800 : Fall of Malta to the English.
  • 6 September
    1. 1798 : Seid Mohammed el-Koraim is executed on the orders of General Bonaparte, for having betrayed the Republic.
    1. 1801 : Creation of the body of inspectors general of the Treasury public.
    1. 1813 : Ney is defeated at Dennewitz.
  • 7 September
    1. 1804 : Napoleon gathers at the tomb of Charlemagne, in Aix-la-Chapelle.
    1. 1812 : Battle of Borodino.
  • 8 September
    1. 1796 : Win of Bassano.
    1. 1801 : Ratification of the Concordat by the First Consul.
  • 9 September
    1. 1805 : Restoration of the Gregorian calendar by Senatus-consultum.
    1. 1813 : Töplitz Treaty between Russia, Prussia and Austria.
  • 10 September
    1. 1805 : Invasion of Bavaria by the Austrian army. Naples signs a treaty of neutrality with France.
    1. 1808 : Married men and widowers fathers are exempted from military service.
  • 11 September
    1. 1802 : Meeting of the Piedmont to France.
    1. 1805 : Naples signes a secret treaty of alliance with Russia and England.
    1. 1807 : Publication of the "Commercial Code".
  • 12 September
    1. 1806 : The Prussian army enters in Saxony.
  • 13 September
    1. 1802 : In Saint-Domingue, uprising of black slaves.
    1. 1806 : Death of Charles James Fox, the only strong supporter of peace in British government.
  • 14 September
    1. 1807 : Capitulation of the British expeditionary force in Egypt, facing Mehemet Ali.
    1. 1812 : Napoleon enters Moscow. City fire by Russians.
  • 15 September
    1. 1796 : Battle of Saint-Georges.
    1. 1802 : Joseph Fouche leaves the department of Police General.
  • 16 September
    1. 1796 : Second day of the Battle of Saint-Georges.
    1. 1807 : Creating the Court of Auditors.
  • 17 September
    1. 1796 : Establishment of the Cispadan Republic.
    1. 1807 : Napoleon sends Villeneuve an order to leave Cadiz for support operations of Saint-Cyr in Italy.
    1. 1808 : Granting a monopoly on teaching at the University.
  • 18 September
    1. 1801 : Opening of the exhibition of national industry in the courtyard of the Louvre.
    1. 1812 : Wellington besieges Burgos.
  • 19 September
    1. 1796 : Carnot congratulates Bonaparte for his victory of Bassano.
    1. 1811 : Napoleon's departure for Holland.
  • 20 September
    1. 1796 : Talleyrand returns from America.
  • 21 September
    1. 1805 : Commitment to neutrality of the King of Naples in case of war between France and Austria.
  • 22 September
    1. 1802 : Visit of the exhibition of national industry in the Louvre and of the Salon of painting and sculpture.
  • 23 September
    1. 1800 : Bonaparte lays foundation stone of the monument to Kleber and Desaix, Place des Victoires.
    1. 1805 : Announcement to the Senate of the rupture with Austria.
  • 24 September
    1. 1803 : Last edition of the feast of the founding of the Republic.
    1. 1812 : Napoleon confidentially offers peace to the Tsar.
  • 25 September
    1. 1796 : Creating of the company of guides, nucleus of the future Imperial guard.
    1. 1805 : Passage of the Rhine by French troops.
  • 26 September
    1. 1805 : Financial panic in Paris.
  • 27 September
    1. 1800 : Establishment of a Treasury Department.
    1. 1808 : Meeting of Napoleon and of the Czar in Erfurt.
  • 28 September
    1. 1805 : Nelson takes command of the English fleet which blocks Cadiz.
    1. 1808 : In Erfurt, Talleyrand warns the Tsar against the "madness" of Napoleon.
  • 29 September
    1. 1801 : Signing of a peace treaty between the French Republic and the kingdom of Portugal.
  • 30 September
    1. 1800 : Signature of the Franco-American treaty of Mortefontaine, which terminates a quasi war between the two countries.
    1. 1802 : The First Consul imposes his mediation to Swiss cantons in the conflict between the Federalists and the Unitarians.
    1. 1806 : Creation of the reserve army of the Rhine. Marmont defeats a Russian army in Castelnuovo.
    1. 1813 : A raid of the Cossack forces King Jerome Bonaparte to flee Cassel, his capital.
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