The final months of the French Empire, known as the Hundred Days, began with the shocking "invasion of the country by a single man" as it was described by François-René de Chateaubriand with the brevity and wit for which he is famous. The phrase "The Flight of the Eagle", a favourite of historians and poets, was taken directly from the Emperor's speech when he landed at Golfe-Juan.
We will trace the Emperor's route to Grenoble noting the iconic landmarks along the way: the photos below show some of the places through which the Eagle standard passed. The place names used are those of 1815 (Basses-Alpes, Porto-Ferrajo, Digne etc.) as are the departments (though the Alpes-Maritimes, for example, had been created only a year earlier).
fly from bell tower to bell tower until it reached the spires of Notre Dame. But there were no towers here in 1815, only the odd fisherman's hut... After an initial bivouac of several hours in an olive grove near the shore, the company began to march toward Cannes. The journey continued as far as Grenoble with a vanguard under the command of General Pierre Cambronne that preceded the main battalion by several hours. Their task was to scout out the route and to ensure that sufficient rations were provided (Cambronne systematically doubled or tripled the rations he ordered to suggest that the contingent behind them was much bigger than the thousand or so men in reality). Behind the main battalion, followed a rear-guard commanded by General Antoine Drouot. Communication between the groups was maintained by couriers on horseback.